The City of Hobart operates as a regional service centre with a high proportion of employment in the following industry sectors:
- Public Administration & Safety - 9,082 employees
- Health Care and Social Assistance - 7,472 employees
- Education & Training - 4,576 employees
- Retail Trade - 4,145 employees
- Professional, Scientific & Technical Services - 4,083 employees
The relative share of employment in Hobart and the role of the City within the wider region is highlighted below:
Public Administration & Safety
As a Capital City and the seat of the State Government, it is not unexpected that Public Administration and Safety is the largest industry sector by employment, comprising around 20 percent of Hobart's workforce. The Parliament, Ministry offices and head office of most State Government agencies are located in Hobart, mostly in the CBD. In addition, the Commonwealth Government has a number of administrative roles based in Hobart. Local Government employment is also included in this sector[i].
Health Care & Social Assistance
The health sector is clearly important in meeting the needs of the local community. It also plays a broader role however. As the second largest employment sector, it brings a large part of the workforce to the City. In addition, the many thousands of patients and visitors and medical specialists that the Royal Hobart Hospital (RHH) attracts further add to the economic activity of the city. Employment in the Health Care and Social Assistance sector accounts for around 16 percent of Hobart's workforce[ii].
Education & Training
Hobart hosts much of the state tertiary sector and is the main destination for international students in Tasmania. There are 30 education providers in the City of Hobart including primary, secondary and senior secondary schools; TAFE and one of Australia's oldest and most respected universities - the University of Tasmania (UTAS). The Education and Training sector is Hobart's third largest sector by employment[iii].
Hobart City hosts about 25 per cent of the Greater Hobart population, but over 40 per cent of the total retail employment. This shows the extent to which residents of Greater Hobart shop in the City. The City also hosts 52 per cent of total employment within Greater Hobart, bringing over half of the working population to the City most days and making it easy for them to access Hobart shopping. Retail Trade is Hobart's fourth largest sector by employment [iv].
Professional, Scientific and Technical Services
This sector is the fifth largest in Hobart, accounting for around 8% of employment. There are a number of large employers such as CSIRO (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research organisation) and the Menzies Institute breaking new ground in Antarctic and health research.
Although tourism is not a recognised stand alone sector within the standard industry classifications, it clearly generates significant employment in a number of sectors. Visitor numbers to Tasmania have been growing steadily. Just over 1 million people visited Tasmania on scheduled air and sea services during the year ending March 2014 (not including cruise ship visitors). Interstate visitors have risen from 2010/11 to the current year 2013/14 by 14.2% to 903,148. Within the tourism industry in Hobart, accommodation is the largest sector, accounting for over 42 percent of all employment. This is closely followed by retail trade (18 percent) and cafes and restaurants (15 percent)[vi]. Please refer to the Tourism Tasmania's Corporate Website for more statistical information.
[i] ABS 2011 Census of Population and Housing: Working Population Profile (Hobart LGA). Catalogue Number 2006.0. Table W12.
[ii] ABS 2011 Census of Population and Housing: Working Population Profile (Hobart LGA). Catalogue Number 2006.0. Table W12
[iii] ABS 2006 Census of Population and Housing
[iv] ABS 2006 Census of Population and Housing
[v] ABS 2011 Census of Population and Housing: Working Population Profile (Hobart LGA). Catalogue Number 2006.0. Table W13
[vi] Tourism Tasmania, Tasmanian Tourism Snapshot. year ending June 2014.